Installing geopandas and geoplot on a Raspberry Pi turned out not to be straight forward. Hence, I tried to resolve and install this manually. The details of the environment is:

Raspberry Pi 3 Model B Rev 1.2, Linux version 4.19.118-v7+, Raspbian GNU/Linux 10 (buster)

Just installing geopandas and geoplot using pip fails due to the dependencies these packages have.

  • geopandas requires fiona, shapely, pandas, pyproj (use pip show geopandas)
  • geoplot requires: geopandas, descartes, contextily, seaborn, pandas, mapclassify, matplotlib, cartopy

Specifically, there is some underlying dependencies of libraries gdal, proj that needs to be resolved before installing.

The following recipe worked for me:

First install gdal and check version

    $ sudo apt-get install gdal-bin, libgdal-dev
    $ gdal-config --version

Install proj version 6.3.2 using a tmp-directory, first install sqlite3 that proj is using

$ sudo apt-get install sqlite3
$ mkdir tmp
$ cd tmp
$ wget
$ tar xvf proj-6.3.2.tar.gz 
$ cd proj-6.3.2
$ ./configure
$ make
$ sudo make install
$ sudo ldconfig

Now install fiona and pyproj version 1.9.6

$ pip install fiona
$ pip install pyproj==1.9.6

Before we can install geoplot, the library libatlas needs to be installed. Then try to install geopandas and geoplot

geopandas also depends on shapely and rtree.

To install rtree I had to build the underlying library libspatialindex from source. Here is how (if cmake is not installed, use apt-get install cmake)

$ mkdir libspatialindex
$ cd libspatialindex/
$ wget
$ tar -xvf spatialindex-src-1.9.3.tar.gz
$ cd spatialindex-src-1.9.3/
$ cmake -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local .
$ make
$ sudo make install
$ sudo ldconfig
$ pip install rtree

To ensure that the correct version of shapely is used, don't install the binary. I encountered errors like below due to wrong version of shapely, see stackoverflow

python: geos_ts_c.cpp:3991: int GEOSCoordSeq_getSize_r(GEOSContextHandle_t, const geos::geom::CoordinateSequence*, unsigned int*): Assertion `0 != cs' failed.

Below shapely is first uninstalled (as I used thw wrong version), then re-installed not using binary default option

$ pip uninstall shapely
$ pip install shapely --no-binary shapely

Now finally install libatlas, geopandas and geoplot.

$ sudo apt-get install libatlas-base-dev
$ pip install geopandas
$ pip install geoplot

During my installation, I got error messages but the installation and setup still worked